Periodontitis is a gum disease that involves bacterial infection of the area around the teeth. This may be caused due to a variety of reasons. However, its symptoms may not be very noticeable, especially in the early stages. If the condition is not treated by seeing a dentist, the situation will get worse to the point where you may end up losing a tooth. Therefore, if you see any signs of gum bleeding or gum recession, it is crucial that you make an appointment with your dentist as soon as possible.
A great way to ensure that you do not suffer from this disease is to have your mouth and teeth professionally cleaned twice a year. A dentist can treat various oral diseases before they become worse and more aggressive.
Let’s have a look at what periodontitis is, what types of periodontitis exist and what are the different types of treatments for the condition.
What is Periodontitis?
Periodontitis is an inflammation that occurs around the teeth and on the soft tissues of the gums. It begins with a mild bacterial infection often called gingivitis and, if not treated soon, worsens into a more serious condition known as periodontitis. It can look like there are holes in the gum region. Another way that it affects the mouth is by causing receding gums. Eventually, it can reach the deeper layers of the gum, causing the teeth to loosen and fall out. Periodontitis can also affect the jaw internally if the condition worsens.
Types of Periodontal Disease
Periodontal disease has a few types depending on the cause and symptoms. They are Chronic Periodontitis, Aggressive Periodontitis, Necrotizing Periodontitis and Periodontitis caused by other diseases.
1. Chronic Periodontitis
This type of periodontitis is caused as a result of gum inflammation. The teeth look longer as the gums recede. If not treated at this stage, the teeth start becoming loose. This is one of the most common forms of periodontitis.
2. Aggressive Periodontitis
Aggressive periodontitis is seen in healthy individuals. In this kind of gum condition, the teeth become loose at a rapid speed, and the structural integrity of the bone disintegrates quickly. The probability of this condition is highly genetic. Therefore, individuals who have a family history of periodontitis must see their dentist regularly as a precautionary measure.
3. Necrotizing Periodontitis
HIV, malnutrition and immunosuppression are some of the health conditions that are primarily responsible for this kind of periodontitis. Hence, it is more frequently observed in a population that is poverty-stricken and has a lower standard of living.
4. Periodontitis Due to Other Health Conditions
This condition occurs in people who have diabetes, heart conditions or respiratory issues. Therefore, many young patients find out that they are suffering from these other health issues when they see their dentist. Clearly, dental issues can be a precursor to other health-related conditions and therefore, more people should make it a point to book an appointment with their dentist from time to time.
Course Of Treatments
A dentist will first examine the patient thoroughly to judge the intensity of the gum infection. After that, your doctor will decide which course of treatment would be better suited for the patient.
1. Scaling and Root Planing
One of the first steps to take in order to treat periodontitis is removing the plaque that is responsible for the infection in the first place. This is performed by a dentist using professional equipment and must only be performed by a doctor in a clinic.
The receding of gums is controlled by root planning of the gums. Root planning smoothes out the gums, which eventually aids in reattaching the gums.
Scaling and root planing can be slightly uncomfortable. To minimise the discomfort, local anaesthesia is applied. The procedure must be performed more than once if the periodontitis is at a more advanced stage.
2. Tissue Regeneration
Gum holes formed due to periodontitis can be treated with tissue regeneration. Here the gum is cleaned from the inside out by moving the gum flap aside. The plaque is removed using special tools to make sure the bacterial growth does not come back. A piece of tissue from another part of the mouth is used. This area gets regenerated and looks as good as new.
3. Pocket Elimination
Pocket Elimination is a technique that is used when the condition is worse, and the gap or hole in between the gum and the teeth is very large to cover. Here the gum flap is removed in such a way that the internal area can be cleaned properly. The plaque is removed the same way as it is done in tissue regeneration. The next step involves reattaching the gum flap so that the gap fills with time and the appearance of the ‘hole’ is reduced naturally.
4. Dental Implants
In the case that the condition has caused a tooth to loosen and come out, dental implants can be very helpful. The socket is cleaned thoroughly, and the dentist gives antibiotics to stop bacterial growth. After ensuring that the dental hygiene of the patient is back to its healthy state, the dentist then gives the go-ahead for the dental implants. The implants are fixed in the socket, which takes about two appointments and approximately six to eight weeks.
If you happen to notice any symptoms of gum recession or gum holes, contact your dentist immediately. You can also seek our dental service in St. Clair. Contact us here.