Gingivitis is a gum condition that is very difficult to resolve. It is a gum infection that is a result of accumulated plaque. When gingivitis occurs, there are clear telltale signs of bacterial growth taking place around the gums.
Gingivitis affects the baseline of the gum. This area is not the easiest to clean. However, certain daily habits can be maintained in order to prevent gingivitis in your teeth. Let’s discuss the different symptoms of gingivitis, its causes and how to prevent them from happening.
Causes of Gingivitis
There are many causes of gingivitis, having poor dental hygiene habits being the primary reason. Gingivitis is caused due to dental plaque that gets collected around the gums. These can affect the regular functioning of the person by causing discomfort in the form of swelling in the gums, redness, etc. Apart from daily habits, there are many other contributing factors to gingivitis, such as:
- Some medications may have a side effect of gum overgrowth. This directly affects the ability of normal brushing and flossing techniques to clean the plaque efficiently.
- Vitamin deficiencies such as Vitamin C deficiency can also be a cause of gingivitis. Therefore, a thorough examination of the cause is necessary to treat the gums.
- Certain other reasons for gingivitis are pregnancy, menopause, hormonal imbalances.
- Patients of leukaemia often suffer from gingivitis. In such cases, the dentist must be made aware of the condition before treatment.
- Exposure to heavy metals such as nickel or bismuth can also be a cause of the gum condition.
Symptoms of Gingivitis
It is crucial to know the signs of gingivitis, so you know when to see your dentist. As mentioned before, gingivitis is a gum disease. Therefore, it affects the gums. So most of the symptoms would be concentrated in this region.
You might be suffering from gingivitis if you have:
- Swollen gums to the point that they feel uncomfortable.
- Dark-coloured gums as opposed to pinkish gums.
- Bad breath that does seem to get better by brushing your teeth.
- Gums that seem to be receding in a way that makes your teeth appear longer.
- Gums that feel sensitive.
As mentioned, these signs must be taken seriously and followed by immediate action. If a patient who has any of the above symptoms does not seek treatment in due time, they run the risk of aggravating the condition to periodontitis, where the patient gets hole in gums.
Who Are At A Higher Risk?
You might want to know who is at a higher risk of getting this disease. Here is a list to help you with that.
- People with poor dental care and hygiene habits, as mentioned earlier.
- People who smoke or chew tobacco on a regular basis.
- People who are older in age.
- People with dental braces that are not fitted properly. Or people who have crooked teeth making it harder to clean certain corners of the mouth properly.
What is The Course of Treatment?
Gingivitis is an issue of plaque accumulation. Therefore its treatment involves cleaning the plaque thoroughly by a professional to ensure that the gums heal themselves.
Firstly, the doctor uses a scrapper to reach the inner area of the gum and clean the tartar for good. After this is done, the dentist will then take a brush to clean the area further. This can be slightly uncomfortable but usually does not require local anaesthesia. After the cleaning is done, the dentist flosses the teeth to make sure that there are no remnants of plaque between the teeth. This helps in the overall hygiene of the mouth and makes the bacterial growth disappear for good.
Prevention Of Gingivitis
Prevention of gingivitis is much more convenient than going through highly uncomfortable symptoms such as gum receding and swelling. Therefore, you should opt to follow the points below to avoid gingivitis and any other dental problems in the future.
- Follow a thorough dental hygiene routine. Make sure that you brush your teeth using the right brushing techniques, and always use a brush that is soft for your gum but hard enough to clean the germs.
- Do not skip flossing. Most of the bacterial growth begins within the crevices of the teeth. Also, this is the area where many foods, such as leafy vegetables, tend to get stuck.
- Invest in a good mouthwash, preferably recommended by your dentist, for killing any bacteria in your mouth.
- Eat healthy food. Make sure you do not have any major vitamin deficiencies such as Vitamin C. This can be a great precautionary measure.
- Avoid smoking and chewing tobacco. It is not good for your dental health and can also cause other health problems.
- If your teeth are extremely crooked or tend to get dental health issues due to misalignment, consider seeing a good orthodontist to straighten your teeth.
- Regularly visit your dentist so that you can avoid having any dental problems from becoming too aggressive.
Visiting a dentist regularly can help you to stay ahead of your dental health issues. It becomes much easier to treat any teeth ailments and recurring dental issues. To receive the best dental service in St. Clair, contact us here.